Simple Searches 

Word Searches Morphological Searches Multi-Database Searches Phrase Searches Lexicon Searches Search Tips
 


Simple lemma search

The most basic search is the lemma search, which finds all instances of the underlying lemma (root form) of a word, regardless of its morphological form.   Left click on a word to display the word search menu. Click on the first option to do a basic lemma search. For example, type   Gen 1:1 in the BibleRef field and press <Enter>, then click on the word בָּרָא, and select the option “Search for HebLemma='ברא_1'.  The results tab lists all 48 instances of the Hebrew verb ברא (‘to create’).

Lemma + morphology search

A Lemma and morphology search finds words that match the current word in both lemma and morphology.

For example, display Eph 1:3, and click on the twelfth word (εὐλογήσας), and choose the second option on the word search menu.

 

Note that the MT morphology is an add-on module.   Morphological searching in the MT is not possible without this module.

Morphology Assistant

The morphology of a word is stored as an abbreviation (eg. V  AAPNSM in the above example). To decode the abbreviation, hover (but do not click) the mouse over the second menu item, and a sub-menu will appear, which will display the morphology explanation on the first line.

 

The second option on this sub-menu is the Morphology Inspector.  This displays all the morphological variations of the chosen word, with information about frequency and some examples of how this form appears in the text.  You can click on the lemma in the left column to execute a morphological search for this form.

 

 

See ‘Advanced Searching’ for further examples of wildcard morphological searches using the RexExp search builder.

Word family searching

Word Families are one of the special features of Bible Crawler.  Most bible software allows searches based on an individual "lemma" (i.e. root form), but do not provide a way to locate cognate words (i.e. words in the same "family" of words). BibleCrawler has word family databases for Greek and Hebrew.

 

Here is the family of the מלך word group:

 

HebLemma

HebFamily

Count

BDBDefn

מְלֶכֶת

מלך_1

5

n.f. queen

מְלוּכָה

מלך_1

24

n.f. kingship, royalty

מַלְכָּה

מלך_1

35

n.f. queen

מַלְכוּת

מלך_1

91

n.f. royalty, royal power, reign, kingdom (chiefly

מַמְלָכָה

מלך_1

117

n.f. kingdom, sovereignty, dominion, reign

מַמְלָכוּת

מלך_1

9

royal dominion, kingship kingdom

מֶלֶךְ_1

מלך_1

2530

king, ruler

מלך_1

מלך_1

350

vb. be the king, rule hif: install someone as kin

מלך_2

מלך_2

1

nif: debate with someone, think over

 

These word families were compiled by Michael Stead, based the root assignment in the BDB lexicon.  The families have been further updated and refined based on data in HALOT.

 

Greek Word families were also compiled by Michael Stead, using etymological information from the LSJ lexicon, together with data about Greek compound words from the CCAT LXX.  Here is an example of a Greek word family set.

 

GrkLemma

GrkFamily

LXXCount

GNTCount

Definition

ἄδικος

δικάζω

151

12

wrong-doing, unrighteous, unjust

ἀδίκημα

δικάζω

19

3

a wrong done, a wrong

ἀδικέω

δικάζω

70

28

to do wrong

ἀδικία

δικάζω

227

25

wrong-doing, injustice

ἀντίδικος

δικάζω

9

5

an opponent in a suit, defendant

ἀντιδικέω

δικάζω

2

0

to dispute, go to law

ἀπαδικέω

δικάζω

1

0

δίκαιος

δικάζω

433

79

righteous

δίκη

δικάζω

39

3

custom, usage

δικάζω

δικάζω

25

0

to judge, to give judgment on

δικαίωμα

δικάζω

140

10

an act by which wrong is set right

δικαίωσις

δικάζω

2

2

a setting right, doing justice to: punishment

δικαιόω

δικάζω

64

39

to set right, justify

δικαιοκρίτης

δικάζω

1

0

δικαιολογία

δικάζω

1

0

δικαιοσύνη

δικάζω

350

91

righteousness, justice

δικαστήριον

δικάζω

1

0

a court of justice

δικαστής

δικάζω

13

2

a judge

ἔκδικος

δικάζω

3

2

without law, lawless, unjust

ἐκδίκησις

δικάζω

82

9

an avenging, retribution

ἐκδικάω

δικάζω

2

0

ἐκδικάζω

δικάζω

4

0

to decide finally, settle

ἐκδικέω

δικάζω

89

6

to avenge, punish, help

ἐκδικητής

δικάζω

1

0

καταδίκη

δικάζω

1

1

judgment given against one: the damages awarded

καταδικάζω

δικάζω

11

5

to give judgment against

προαδικέω

δικάζω

1

0

to be the first in wronging

 

 

Searches based on word families can locate matches with cognates that would not be found using standard lemma-based searches.  The example below shows a word family search on the δικάζω word group in the LXX.

 

 

Parallel MT / LXX searching

Biblecrawler uses the data from the Parallel MT/LXX compiled under the direction of Emmanuel  Tov to allow analysis of how a word in the MT is translated in the LXX (or vice versa).  The example below shows a Parallel  Search on the Hebrew Lemma 'ברך_2'  (to bless).  The results tab shows how this word is translated in the LXX. A summary displays first, showing Greek lemmata in descending order of frequency.  This is followed a table showing every instances of the word with its translated counterpart (sorted by Greek lemma).

GNT / LXX cross searching

Click on a word in the GNT, and search for it in the LXX (or vice versa).



Phrase search

Description: C:\Data\BibleCrawlerNew\help\files\basic007.jpg 


The PhraseSearch box is part of the BibleCrawler toolbar.  It performs a text search on the default bible (as defined in the Default Bible selector which is to the left of the PhraseSearch  box). To use, simply type a phrase into the PhraseSearch box  (eg. God created), and press <enter>. Use % as a mult-character wildcard. Eg. God%created  will match “God, the almighty, created”.  

Phrase Search from Text

Use the mouse to highlight a phrase, right-click, and select “Phrase Search”.  The morphologically analysed text, the phrase search will match a string a identical lemmas, regardless of morphological form.

 




Lexicon Search menu

Description: C:\Data\BibleCrawlerNew\help\files\basic008.jpg

 

The Lexicon search menu allows full text searching of any lexicon file.

A lexicon is defined in the Database file (see Config – Databases), where DatabaseType = Lexicon.  The searchable fields for a given lexicon are defined in the Database file.

In the example above, the GNTLexicon contains 4 searchable fields

 

Search GrkLemma – match an exact Greek lemma (or part thereof)

 

Search GrkFamily – match an exact Greek family (or part thereof)

 

Search GrkNoAccents – full text search on GrkLemma ignoring accents – eg. Search for OIKOS  finds…

 

Search Definition – full text search for a word anywhere in the definition  - eg. Search for house finds…

 

 

Lexicon search (word-click menu)

Lexicon search (word-click menu)

 

Modify SQL statement and re-query

When the results of a word search are displayed on a results tab, it is possible to edit the SQL statement and requery.  This can be used – for example – to introduce a wildcard into a morphological query.  For example, suppose you wish to find all ‘Perfect’ instances of the Greek verb εὐλογέω.  Execute morphological search on any instance of the verb…

 

 

The box on the results tab displays the query as …

GrkLemma='εὐλογέω' and GrkMorphology='V  AAPNSM' ORDER BY Versecode

 

Edit the GrkMorphology statement as follows…

GrkLemma='εὐλογέω' and GrkMorphology LIKE 'V  X%' ORDER BY Versecode

 

(X = is the code for a perfect verb)

 

Click on Re-Query.  The verse list in the results tab will now display all 11 instances of the perfect form of GrkLemma='εὐλογέω'.

Understanding the search table

The search table lists the word searches that have been executed.  This list of search patterns is used to determine which words should be highlighted when a passage is displayed.  You may change the highlight colour to any standard HTML colour name.

Description: C:\Data\BibleCrawlerNew\help\files\basic015.jpg

 

If you do not want a word to be highlighted, delete its line from the search table.  If you have finished a set of searches and wish to stop all highlighting, click the “Clear Search Table” button.